GENERIC LIFE SAVING RULES FOR ALL INDUSTRIES (LSR)
Life Saving Rules are set of rules set by organizations to guide their management of safety of their personnel. Different organizations have different life saving rules owing to the type of their operations and the associated risks. The rules establish the framework for health and safety management system within the organization. They are very strict in nature and compliance is mandatory in all organizations that have the rules.
Life Saving Rules are abbreviated as LSR and is a common word in many organizations. Many companies make it part of the induction process and create lots of awareness on it. They do this in order to enable all employees understand the rules and commit them to their brain. Employees recite them every morning during pep talk before undertaking their daily jobs.
However, there are grave penalties for any employee that breaks the Life Saving Rules. Some organization integrates sanctions into their disciplinary procedure and consequence management plan while others do not.
Regardless of the LSR system, all employees should understand the Life Saving Rules in their organization and obey them. There is no gain in flouting safety rules and putting someone’s life at risk but rather a severe consequence
GENERIC LIFE SAVING RULES FOR ALL INDUSTRIES
1. Obtain valid Work Permit for all jobs that require permit
A permit to work system regulates work activities in all companies. Companies introduce PTW to establish control over all hazardous jobs within or outside their facilities. PTWs identifies and document all work related hazards, the associated risks and the control measures. It ensures that the supervisors implement all risks control measures before work commences. However, it is a good system to develop and implement by organizations that do not have it.
2. Conduct Gas Test before working in a Confined Space and Hazardous Environment
Confined space and hazardous environment require gas testing before working in them. There is likelihood of accumulation of flammable or toxic gases within a confined space and hazardous environment. For example gases such as methane, CO, H2S, Cl2 etc. are much prevalent in the confined space and hazardous environment. These pose high risk of explosion, fire, asphyxiation etc. to personnel working in such area as such you need gas testing.
Work inside a confined space or hazardous environment requires permit and before issuing such a permit, conduct gas test. Know the concentration of individual gases within or around such environment and ensure that they are within limits. Although many companies still fail to apply this rule, the consequences are limitless.
3. Maintain Good Housekeeping at all times
Housekeeping involves proper arrangement of work materials and tools in the work site. Simply put, keeping things in the rightful places. Keeping site neat is a basic requirement for health and safety at work. It helps to keeps the site free from slip, trip, fall and other safety hazards. Housekeeping is a good practice so everyone should adopt it.
4. Carryout and verify Isolation before Work Begins
Before working on process lines, electrical and mechanical installations, make sure that such line or installation is dead. Let there be no flow of line content or energy from the source to the point of your job. You can achieve that through a positive isolation, logout and tag-out systems. Also, conduct a verification exercise to ascertain the death of the line or installation before you work on them. Kindly adopt this practice to save the lives of your employees or assets
5. Do not override or disable a safety critical equipment unless you obtain authorization
Safety critical equipment are manual, mechanical or electrical controls on plants, equipment, process system or installations. They are designed to provide a guard or control to system related hazards and the associated risks.
However, sometimes the equipment may become an impediment to the operation of machines or plant, thus, the need for disablement. Furthermore, it is not out of place to override it if need be but do it under authorization. Ensure that you take necessary steps and obtain due authorization from the responsible authority disablement of the safety critical equipment.
6. Obtain Authorization before entering a Confined Space
Work inside a confined space requires permit as such you should obtain them. A confined space is a death trap for employees due to high level of health and safety hazards in it. Hazards such as low or excessive oxygen, noxious or flammable gases, entrapment etc. are prevalent in confined space. These may pose the risk of asphyxiation, fire, explosion, electrocution etc. to the entrant if not control. No job is too urgent that we cannot take time and do it safely. To this end, kindly obtain authorization before working in such a space.
7. Smoke only in Designated Areas
Smoking is an ignition source with the potential to cause fire. Avoid smoking unless it is in a designated smoking area.
8. Do not take alcohol or drug while working or driving
Drunkenness poses huge unhealthy influence on personnel. It affects their consciousness and influences them to take unsafe action. Same is applicable to some medications. Consult your occupational nurse or conductor on your health issues. Adhere to professional prescriptions at all times.
9. When working at height, protect yourself against fall
By health and safety conventions, height is a level that is at least 1.8m above or below the earth surface. Height work exposes workers to the risk of falls which will result to injury and death sometimes. Do everything to avoid working on an unprotected or unsafe height platforms or protects yourself when it is unavoidable
10. Avoid working under a suspended load
Any load that suspends in the air by crane or any other lifting equipment has the potential to fall and injure personnel. Keep away your personnel away from all lifting areas. See our publication on lifting and hoisting – 5 Ways to Stay Alive for more information.
11. Drive within the set limit and do not use your phone while driving
Speed and distraction are the major causes of road traffic accidents (RTA) within and outside work sites. To prevent RTA, define the safest speed limit for your site and ensure that drivers comply with it. Also, ensure that hand free driving culture is promoted among drivers at all times.
12. Wear your seat belt
Though seat belt does not prevent accident, it minimizes impacts due to accident that involves vehicles in motion. Encourage all drivers and passengers to use seat belt before any vehicle moves.
The lifesaving rules are simple and easy to follow. Design the ones that are suitable for your organization and implement them.